A heavy storm blowing through town can easily lead to a loss of electricity. A lack of power to a home or business for even a short period of time can cause a wide range of difficulties. Let's take a look at a few benefits of having a portable or fixed generator ready to use: Medical equipment A constant electrical supply is essential for people who rely on medical equipment at home. A typical piece of hardware is the oxygen machine. This is a small piece of machinery that can easily be powered by a portable generator in the event of a power cut. Also, for the elderly or those with breathing problems it can benefit to keep the air conditioner working in hot weather. Sump pumps Keeping the sump pump running at all times is important to minimize flooding related issues. A backup generator will make sure the pump is able to continue operating even in times of the heaviest downpours. Home appliances A standard use of the generator is to keep the main home appliances running, such as the refrigerator, freezer, or coffee machine. Also, if it is possible to keep things like the internet and television running, the time you are left waiting for the power to be switched back on will be less stressful. Contractors Contractors working on a new building site often rely on one of the portable generators to power tools. A few situations where portable power is needed are with lights at night-time and hand hand-tools like an air compressor, driller, saw, angle grinder, etc. Business environment Installing a generator in a business environment will make sure a short-term power outage does not have a negative impact on trade. Many businesses can benefit from a generator. For instance, a small business like a butcher shop, rural market or family restaurant can continue to trade and avoid the loss of money and time related to a period of not having a local power supply. Even a compact generator is enough to keep a business trading for a short period. Outdoor activities A portable generator is a useful piece of kit for a wide range of camping and recreational activities. If camping in the wilderness, many people will still want to benefit from a few home luxuries, such as the ability to power a refrigerator or using a coffee maker first thing in the morning. Also, they are just as useful for backyard or park based activities. Learn more about the different types of electric generator options. Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9916466 The generator is an essential piece of machinery in the event of a power cut. They are very efficient at converting a fuel supply like gasoline, diesel or propane into a source of electrical power. The main types include standby, inverter and portable. Let's take a look at these popular types of generators: Portable A portable generator will accept a fuel supply of diesel or gas and makes a very practical option for a short-term loss of electrical power. This type of generator relies on a combustion engine to provide a reliable supply of energy. They are built to operate at 3600 RPM to provide the basic 60 Hz of current. A major benefit is the fact this type of generator is designed to be very easy to more from location to location. This means they are a useful option to locate at difficult to reach sites. However, they aren't built to deliver a source of power to the most energy demanding systems. A portable generator is a useful option for items like a refrigerator, freezer, television, or lights. Beyond the ability to give energy in times of a power cut, they can also help to power tools at a newly developed or remote location. Inverter The inverter generator relies on a combination of an alternator and engine to naturally generate AC power. Additionally, a rectifier is used when it is necessary to transfer the energy source from AC power to DC power. This is a very reliable option to produce a constant flow of energy to keep an appliance running. They are generally very energy-efficient with the ability to automatically adjust the speed of the engine to match the power needed for a particular object. Also, the lightweight and compact size of this type of generator makes it a practical choice for using on boats, recreational vehicles and cars. Standby The standby generator is designed to operate automatically and makes use of a transfer switch that activates in the event of a power loss to guarantee a permanent source of energy. Any potential power loss will be very brief and likely to last a matter of seconds before the generator's sensor senses the cut in power. Also, this generator gives great flexibility in use with the option to run on either natural gas or liquid propane. Once the main utility power has returned the generator will turn itself off. This generator is a common part of many safety systems, such as those used for life support equipment, standby lighting and elevators. 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Senin, 23 April 2018

Bantuan Langsung Lempar Dan Kepemimpinan Transaksional Jokowi

Bantuan Langsung Lempar Dan Kepemimpinan Transaksional Jokowi
Bantuan Langsung Lempar Dan Kepemimpinan Transaksional Jokowi

Berita Islam 24H - Akhir-akhir ini beredar viral di media sosial tentang perilaku Presiden Jokowi yang membagi-bagikan hadiah dari mobil kepresidenan. Nampak Jokowi membuka kaca mobil yang sedang berjalan, dan melemparkan beberapa bungkusan kepada masyarakat biasa yang mengejarnya.

Pro kontra yang muncul berkisar pada aspek etika seorang presiden memperlakukan rakyat biasa, yang nampak dalam video sebagai masyarakat kelas ekonomi bawah. Tetapi, fenomena perilaku ini juga dapat dijelaskan dalam teori kepemimpinan.

Transactional Leadership (TSL) diperkenalkan oleh Max Weber (1947) dan diangkat lagi oleh Bernard Bass (1947) ketika ia menggunakannya sebagai antitesa Transformational Leadership (TFL). Konsep dasar TSL adalah pemimpin menggunakan power yang bersumber dari otoritas formal, untuk memotivasi dan mengarahkan rakyat melalui sistem reward dan punishment. Tujuannya adalah rakyat harus mematuhi instruksi pemimpin. Asumsi yang digunakan oleh pemimpin adalah rakyat dapat dimotivasi melalui hadiah yang sederhana.

Implikasi dalam praktek kepemimpinan, TSL lebih cocok digunakan untuk mencapai tujuan-tujuan jangka pendek, tidak mengupayakan pengembangan kreativitas dan melahirkan ide-ide baru dari rakyat. Dengan demikian, TSL dipandang mungkin efektif di mana persoalan-persoalan yang dihadapi negara sangat sederhana.

TSL banyak diterapkan untuk menciptakan efisiensi dan meningkatkan produktifitas di mana pemimpin bertindak responsif dan menggunakan skala tinggi dalam pengarahan. TSL juga disebut sebagai managerial leadership karena fokus pada intensitas interaksi pemimpin dan rakyat.

Berbeda dengan TFL, di mana pemimpin bertindak proaktif dan memiliki visi yang kuat dan memotivasi rakyat melalui ide-ide baru dan penerapan standar nilai moral yang tinggi. TFL cocok untuk situasi di mana persoalan-persoalan negara sangat kompleks, di mana pemimpin memberi ruang yang luas kepada rakyat untuk memberikan solusi permasalahan dan kreativitas.

Dengan demikian, masukan dan usulan rakyat mendapatkan porsi yang penting dalam TFL. Pemimpin tranformasional yang visioner, menjadi inspirasi bagi rakyat, berani, pengambil resiko dan pemikir yang bijaksana.

Bass dan Avolio (1990) kemudian mempertajam konsep TSL. Pemimpin transformasional menghasilkan kesadaran dan penerimaan rakyat terhadap tujuan bersama, bukan tujuan pemimpin semata. Dengan demikian, fokus kepemimpinan transformasional adalah proses membangun komitmen terhadap tujuan bersama dan kemudian memberdayakan rakyat untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut (Yukl, 1998).

Secara prinsip TFL lebih mengedepankan motivasi rakyat yang didasari pada perilaku pemimpin di mana perilaku ini menjadi inspirasi bagi rakyat, merangsang perilaku intelektual masyarakat, mempengaruhi masyarakat dengan ide-ide dan visi, dan mengutamakan pertimbangan-pertimbangan masyarakat (Avolio, Waldman, danYammarino, 1991).

Dari teori TSL dan TFL, jelas bahwa perilaku Jokowi lebih cenderung transaksional. Selain melempar hadiah dari mobil kepresidenan, Jokowi juga gemar bagi-bagi hadiah sepeda. Jokowi nampaknya ingin menampilkan kecintaan rakyat dan sangat menikmati kegembiraan rakyat saat mengejar hadiah yang dilempar.

Perilaku ini tidak inspiratif dan bukan contoh yang fundamental dari Revolusi Mental yang digembar-gemborkan Jokowi. Perilaku bagi-bagi sertifikat tanah kepada masyarakat pedesaan dengan target jumlah yang bombastis juga tidak merubah fundamental reformasi agraria, tetapi terkesan lebih kepada klaim capain Jokowi. Perilaku ini secara struktural tidak memberi perubahan apapun selain kepentingan jangka pendek untuk menjaga elektabilitas menjelang Pilpres 2019.

Banyak pemimpin transaksional yang berupaya tampil seperti pemimpin transformasional. Mereka memang sukses mendapatkan pengikut dan mencitrakan kharisma diri, tetapi ini hanya bersifat jangka pendek dan di dalam jangka panjang akan menjadi bumerang. Inilah yang disebut pemimpin pseudo-transformational (Bass, 1999). Pemimpin seperti ini seringkali memanipulasi ambisi pribadi menjadi seakan-akan visi bersama. Pemimpin seperti Adolf Hitler dan Mao Zedong adalah contohnya. Kepemimpinan mereka dipenuhi oleh banyaknya pelanggaran atas kepercayaan yang telah diberikan rakyat, tindakan tidak bermoral, kurangnya karakter baik atau kombinasi dari semuanya.

Dari sini, rakyat bisa menilai apakah Jokowi seorang pemimpin pseudo-transformational atau bukan. Masalahnya, saat negara sedang menghadapi persoalan-persoalan yang kompleks, rakyat membutuhkan pemimpin transformasional yang otentik, yang dengan visi yang kuat dan perilakunya yang inspiratif mampu menggerakkan rakyat bersama-sama melakukan kerja kolektif untuk tujuan bersama. Intinya pemimpin yang mampu memainkan role-play dalan relasi-relasi ekonomi politik demi suatu perubahan struktural yang berarti.

Oleh Gde Siriana
Penulis adalah Direktur Eksekutif Local Governance Strategic Studies (LOGOSS)

[b-islam24h.com / rmol]
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